UNESCO has opposed several tourism projects in Russia, which involve construction in protected areas. According to the Washington Post on July 12, in July 2021, the organization plans to change the protected status of Lake Baikal, Kamchatka and the Caucasus to “Natural Heritage in Danger”.

The organization attributed this to a significant weakening of environmental legislation in our country and the silence of the Russian government in response to requests from the UN. According to experts, during the construction of facilities, the unique nature protection zones will be seriously damaged. In some regions, local residents are also against the construction of tourist clusters.

According to lawyers, our government is not obliged to comply with UNESCO’s prescriptions. As told Head of SA “Persona Grata” Georgy Mokhov, the UN has no official leverage over its members, and its resolutions are mostly advisory in nature. At the same time, Russia, being a permanent member of the UN Security Council, is interested in continuing cooperation with one of the agencies of the organization and can either accept certain conditions or refuse to accept them.

We will remind that earlier, under the pressure of international structures, the Russian government has already refused to build large ski resorts in the basins of the Mzymta, Urushten and Malaya Laba rivers. And the United States, on the territory of which there are more than 50 national parks with developed infrastructure, in 2018 left the organization altogether, retaining the status of an observer.

There are other indirect factors in favor of the fact that investment projects will still take place. Russia, which began to develop ecotourism 100 years later than the United States, is now actively working on the issue of developing tourism in specially protected natural areas. At the moment, the flow of tourists to national parks of Russia and income from ecotourism in 30-35 times inferior to the western ones. In addition, Rosturizm has also launched a program to support investors, and such large corporations as Gazprom and Interros are ready to invest in the development of tourist clusters.

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My name is Anastasia Shevtsova. I live in Kazan, I like to travel to foreign countries and Russia. Travelling inspires me, helps me to know this boundless world and myself, gives me interesting acquaintances and opens new horizons. I can combine travel with my work, because to work I need only a laptop and the Internet.

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